Basecoat Blending - Waterborne

PD-0705WBB Basecoat Blending - WaterborneThis standard operating procedure (SOP) covers the process for successfully blending a basecoat using a waterborne finish. Before beginning any repair, it is important to always wear the recommended safety protection required for the job.


PD-0705WB: BASECOAT BLENDING - WATERBORNE


  1. Identify Color Formula
    Identifying the correct color formula is the essential first step in achieving a good match with waterborne basecoat. Look up the vehicle color using a color retrieval tool and identify the location of the corresponding chip deck in the waterborne color box.
  2. Check for Variant Chip
    Check for a variant chip that provides an acceptable, blendable match.
  3. Prepare a Sprayout Card
    If necessary, prepare a sprayout card, using the correct G-shade card recommended by the formula. Sprayout cards, or a letdown panel, are required for tri-coat, quad coat and translucent colors.
  4. Apply an Approved Sealer
    After checking to determine that all panels have been prepared properly, apply an approved sealer, using the recommended G-shade for the basecoat color. Apply just enough sealer to cover the primer surfacer area.
  5. Blend the Sealer Edges
    To create a smoother transition, melt in the sealer edges using a blending solvent. Or, after the sealer has dried thoroughly, lightly scuff the sealer edges with P800 grit sandpaper.
  6. Appy a "Wet Bed" to the Repair Area
    Applying a color blender to the repair area—extending just beyond the color blend—will create a “wet bed”, which can also assist in blending, especially for metallic and pearl finishes. This process is spelled out in the product information bulletin.
  7. Mix the Basecoat
    Mix the basecoat following the reduction instructions closely.
  8. Check the Viscosity
    Once the color is mixed, check the viscosity using a DIN 4 cup. Ideal viscosity should fall between 23 and 28 seconds.
  9. Thin Viscosity if Needed
    If the viscosity is greater than 28 seconds, it’s too thick. Thinner will need to be added. Start by adding 5% more.
  10. Apply the Basecoat
    After tacking off the area, apply the basecoat. Keeping the gun 6-8 inches away from the surface, apply medium light coats with a 75% overlap. Keep the gun aimed straight at the repair—no wrist flicking.
  11. Applying Additional Coats
    Use a handheld blower or similar tool to flash each coat to a matte finish before applying the next coat.  Step out each coat further than the previous to create an invisible blend.
  12. Apply Control Coats
    After checking for coverage and the color coats have dehydrated thoroughly, reduce the gun’s air pressure and apply 1 to 2 light “control” coats to achieve proper orientation of the metallics.
  13. Apply the Clearcoat
    After flashing for 15 minutes and lightly tacking off the repair area, apply the clearcoat according to product instructions.

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